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Resident education in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Objective: Training obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residents in the area of reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) presents unique challenges. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the available peer-reviewed literature on OB/GYN resident training in REI.
Study Design: Along with the syllabi from APGO/CREOG meetings from 2003-2012, a search of PubMed, Web of Science, MedEdPortal was conducted using the terms: "reproductive medicine or reproductive endocrinology or infertility" and "graduate medical or resident education." References from selected articles were also reviewed. Publications referencing training of OB/GYN residents in REI were included in the review.
Results: A total of 90 articles, 7 abstracts, and 15 educational tools were identified by the search and 7 articles, 2 abstracts, and 1 educational tool were found to meet inclusion criteria on further review. Reported outcomes included perceived and objective measures of knowledge. Overall, the studies suggested that increased time on the REI rotation improves perceived knowledge and competency. Didactics in the format of a lecture series (in person or electronic based)or problem (case) based learning, self-administered or interactive with faculty, also appear to enhance resident training in REI. Interventions appeared most effective in early years of postgraduate training.
Conclusions: There is limited education literature on resident training in REI. A dedicated rotation early in training with sufficient time and didactics, either faculty directed or self-administered, appear to enhance resident training in REI.
2013, Resident, Patient Care, Medical Knowledge, GME, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility,